Raised-bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is enclosed in three-to-four-foot-wide 1. The soil is raised above the surrounding soil  approximately six inches to waist-high and may be enriched with compost. Vegetable plants are spaced in geometric patterns, much closer together than in conventional row gardening. Raised beds lend themselves to the development of complex agriculture systems that utilize many of the principles and methods of permaculture. They can be used effectively to control erosion and recycle and conserve water and nutrients by building them along contour lines on slopes.
This form of gardening is compatible with square foot gardening and companion planting. Circular raised beds with a path to the center a slice of the circle cut out are called keyhole gardens. Vegetable garden bed construction materials should be chosen carefully.
Some concerns exist regarding the use of pressure-treated timber. If using timber to raise the garden bed, ensure that it is an untreated  hardwood to prevent the risk of chemicals leaching into the soil. A common approach is to use timber sleepers joined with steel rods to hold them together. Another approach is to use concrete blocks , although less aesthetically pleasing, they are inexpensive to source and easy to use. On the market are also prefab raised garden bed solutions which are made from long lasting polyethylene that is UV stabilized and food grade so it will not leach undesirable chemicals into the soil or deteriorate in the elements.
A double skinned wall provides an air pocket of insulation that minimizes the temperature fluctuations and drying out of the soil in the garden bed. Sometimes raised bed gardens are covered with clear plastic to protect the crops from wind and strong rains. Each material type has advantages and disadvantages. Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season,  they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly,  and they reduce the need to use poor native soil.
Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing. Picardo Farm , Wedgwood neighborhood, Seattle, Washington: A community allotment garden with raised beds for the physically disabled. Raised garden bed of lettuce , tomatoes , basil , marigolds , zinnias , garlic chives , zucchini. Raised garden bed with natural stones of Salvia , Chives , and Parsley. Raised garden bed with lettuce in Asia. BOST services clients in London and supports and inspires people of local communities and organisations, among others Tate Modern community garden, to improve, create and enjoy the parks, gardens, green spaces, and, passive and active recreation areas.
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The charity supports and services a broad and thriving network of park, community managed green spaces and open spaces groups to carry out consultation, fundraise and oversee improvements. BOST has supported residents with choosing new play equipment, bespoke garden design, bespoke garden feature design, and developing new areas, making access improvements and re-landscaping.
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BOST helps to initiate and run community gardening clubs, awards small grants for local horticulture projects and both organises and hires out parks and open spaces for celebratory public and private events. BOST has set up a community garden resource centre with a pond, encourages people to grow their own food - vegetables, herbs, fruit trees and bushes - through 'edible projects' utilising raised-bed gardening and planting, and also provides informal horticultural training, landscape maintenance, garden maintenance, grounds maintenance and gardening work experience in the local parks, gardens and open spaces.
Bay Meadows is an acre mixed-use, transit-oriented development in the City of San Mateo, California. As of , 11 blocks have been developed. When it is complete, Bay Meadows II will have residential units, 1. Because flowers bloom at varying times of the year, and some plants are annual, dying each winter, the design of flower gardens can take into consideration maintaining a sequence of bloom and consistent color combinations through varying seasons. Besides organizing the flowers in bedding-out schemes limited to annual and perennial flower beds, careful design also takes the labour time, and the color pattern of the flowers into account.
The labour time can be decreased by using techniques such as mulching. In flower meadows, grass growth can be moderated by planting parasitic plants such as Rhinanthus. Flower color is another important feature of both the herbaceous border and the mixed border that includes shrubs as well as herbaceous plants.
Flower gardens are sometimes tied in function to other kinds of gardens, like knot gardens or herb gardens, many herbs also having decorative function, and some decorative flowers being edible.
A simpler alternative to the designed flower garden is the "wildflower" seed mix, with assortments of seeds which will create a bed that contains flowers of various blooming seasons, so that some portion of them should always be in bloom. The best mixtures even include combinations of perennial and biennials, which may not bloom until the following year, and also annuals that are "self-seeding", so they will return, creating a permanent flowerbed.
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Another, even more recent trend is the "flower garden in a box", where the entire design of a flower garden is pre-packaged, with separate packets of each kind of flower, and a careful layout to be followed to create the proposed pattern of color in the garden-to-be. A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, or enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials.
The most common form today is a residential garden, but the term garden has traditionally been a more general one. Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens. Western gardens are almost universally based on plants, with garden often signifying a shortened form of botanical garden. Some traditional types of eastern gardens, such as Zen gardens, use plants sparsely or not at all.
Gardens may exhibit structural enhancements including statuary, follies, pergolas, trellises, stumperies, dry creek beds and water features such as fountains, ponds with or without fish , waterfalls or creeks. Some gardens are for ornamental purposes only, while some gardens also produce food crops, sometimes in separate areas, or sometimes intermixed with the ornamental plants.
Food-producing gardens are distinguished from farms by their smaller scale, more labor-intensive methods, and their purpose enjoyment of a hobby or self-sustenance rather than producing for sale. Flower gardens combine plants of different heights, colors, textures, and fragrances to create interest and delight the senses.
Gardening is the activity of growing and maintaining the garden.
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This work is done by an amateur or professional gardener. A gardener might also work in a non-garden setting, such as a park, a roadside embankment, or other public space. Landscape architecture is a related professional activity with landscape architects tending to specialise in design for public and corporate clients.
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture. In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use.
Gardening is considered by many people to be a relaxing activity. Gardening ranges in scale from fruit orchards, to long boulevard plantings with one or more different types of shrubs, trees, and herbaceous plants, to residential back gardens including lawns and foundation plantings, and to container gardens grown inside or outside.
Gardening may be very specialized, with only one type of plant grown, or involve a variety of plants in mixed plantings.
Raised Bed Gardening 101
It involves an active participation in the growing of plants, and tends to be labor-intensive, which differentiates it from farming or forestry. A keyhole garden is a two-meter-wide circular raised garden with a keyhole-shaped indentation on one side. The indentation allows gardeners to add uncooked vegetable scraps, greywater, and manure into a composting basket that sits in the center of the bed. In this way, composting materials can be added to the basket throughout the growing season to provide nutrients for the plants.
The upper layer of soil is hilled up against the center basket so the soil slopes gently down from the center to the sides.
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It also shows that anyone can build a raised bed and how to effectively use its many benefits, such as earlier and richer harvests, more efficient watering, less problems with snails and weeds and intelligent recycling of your green rubbish. Compact information, instructions for twenty-five of the most popular vegetable varieties as well as simple but sophisticated recipes will give the reader a first taste for his own organic vegetables and encourage the bug to crawl out into the sunshine.
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